The Biefeld Brown Effect. What is anti-gravity? An artificially created gravity field that can oppose the Earth’s own and provide propulsion.
The oldest modern discovery of antigravity belongs to Dr. Alfred Biefeld, professor of physics and astronomy at Denison University. According to an old article in FATE magazine, in the early 1920s, Dr. Biefeld carried out laboratory experiments with capacitors charged with high voltage alternating currents. When charged, these capacitors “twist” violently before extinguishing. This indicates that charged high voltage capacitors have self-propulsive effects. Further research on this abnormal phenomenon was taken up by Thomas Townsend Brown, then a physics student at Denison University working for Dr Biefeld. Thus Townsend Brown undertook research on antigravity throughout his life.
Brown’s early experiments consisted of two lead spheres connected by a non-conducting glass rod, such as a dumbell. One sphere was charged positive, the other negative, with a total of 120 kilovolts between them. This formed a large electric dipole. When suspended, the system was directed towards the positive pole, initiating an upward arc and holding against the force of gravity by pulling down. This shows that the electric dipoles generate self-acceleration towards the positive pole. This experiment was repeated in oil, in a failed reservoir, proving that the ionic wind was not responsible.
Improved versions of this installation have replaced the lead spheres with metal plates and the glass rod with dielectric plates or blocks. This created a high voltage parallel plate capacitor with one or more layers. Brown’s British Patent No. 300111, published in 1927, described what he called a” cellular gravitator ” consisting of numerous metal plates interwoven with dielectric plates, the whole block wrapped in insulating material, and end plates connected to output electrodes and a spark gap to limit input voltage. This device produces a significant acceleration.
Later, Brown experimented with saucer-shaped discs with positive and negative electrodes on the opposite sides. This created a high-voltage free-air capacitor that combined the electrogravitational effect with ionic wind phenomena for propulsion. They worked well in the air and in the vacuum.
Interestingly, the majority of modern articles on Brown’s work tend to focus on disk burners. Because they include the ionic wind in their operations, it was questioned whether the Biefeld-Brown effect could not be fully explained by the ionic wind. However, Brown’s 1927 patent described a self-contained device that had no ionic wind effect and relied solely on the electrogravitational action arising from the electrical dipoles within the gravitational capacitor.
In my opinion, the cellular burner is much more important in demonstrating the validity of the Biefield-Brown effect than the disc-shaped debatable burners. Why did Brown never mention cellular gravitators again after the 1930s, considering that they unequivocally proved electrogravitation? Maybe because that part of his research became confidential. The remainder of the public aspect, particularly its later patents, was limited to ionic wind devices, or at least to those that included this possibility in order to make the electrogravitational aspect more ambiguous. We should remember that Brown would have been involved in the Rainbow Project, suggesting that most of what we publicly know about his work can only be the “soft” thing.
So let’s focus on the most important part of his research, the cellular gravitators. There were several factors recognized by Brown affecting their behavior and the strength of the electrogravitational effect. They are listed as follows:
- applied voltage – the higher the voltage, the more the gravitator swivels towards the positive end. However, in his British patent, Brown explained that beyond a critical voltage, the gravitator would reverse the movement and instead move towards the negative electrode. Maybe it was a dielectric failure.2.
- applied current-current is required only to overcome the leak of the capacitor. If the current is insufficient, the gravitator will not maintain its voltage and therefore the electrogravitational effect will decrease or not manifest itself appreciably. The Van de Graff generators provide microamps of currents, which is not normally sufficient to power a gravitator. A solid state high voltage DC generator using a cockroft-walton multiplier would be required instead.
- the mass of the dielectric-determines only the total energy of the gravitator once it oscillates at a given height. Some sources claim that the larger the mass, the stronger the electrogravitational effect, but this is questionable since Brown never mentioned this and said that only the gravitational potential energy increases with mass since E = M G H.
- pulse duration-the pulse of the gravitator fluctuates with time, apparently due to gravitational conditions in the environment – particularly those arising from the position of the sun and Moon. This effect was later used by Greg Hodowanec in his gravitational wave detection circuits, who monitored the voltage through an electrolytic capacitor that fluctuated as the gravitational influence of celestial bodies changed over time. Just as electrical capacitors generate a gravity field, gravity fields can affect the electrical charge of a capacitor.
- Dielectric strength-the higher the dielectric constant, the stronger the effect. The dielectric constant measures the ability of a material to store electricity in the form of electrical displacement or polarization. The more energy is stored via electrical polarization, the greater the electrogravitational effect.
- gravitator capacity-the higher the capacity, the greater the effect. Thus, the closer the metal plates are, the larger the plates, the higher the number of cells (and, as mentioned, the higher the dielectric constant of the insulator between the metal plates, as this also determines the total capacity), the stronger the Brown Biefield effect.
- electrode geometry – increased asymmetry between electrodes increases the effect. This will be explained below.
How it works
To understand the Biefeld-Brown effect, it is necessary to understand why the electric dipoles (positive and negative charges separated by a fixed distance) accelerate towards the positive pole. The answer is simple:
The positive and negative charges, creating an electric field, also generate slight gravitational fields. It could be said that the charged masses deform more than the uncharged masses. Positive charges induce convergence in space and negative charges induce divergence in space. Thus, positive charges emit a gravitational field while negative charges emit an antigravitational field. This follows purely from the geometry of the electric field, which includes a component that shares the same geometry as a gravity field and thus gives rise to it.
An electric charge emits a symmetrical field, whether gravitational or repulsive. So left to itself, the charge goes nowhere. However, in an electric dipole, an interesting situation arises as shown in the following diagram:
Consider positive charges “sucking into” the surrounding space, and negative charges “blowing” the surrounding space. By separating them at a fixed distance, the fields between the poles “occupy” or “cancel”, while the flow/distortion surrounding the entire dipole is skewed in one direction. The positive pole comes in from the left, the negative pole comes out from the right, and so the entire dipole propels itself to the left towards the positive pole.
In a parallel plate capacitor, electrical fields outside the capacitor cancel each other out, but diverging and converging gravity fields do not cancel each other out, which is why a cell gravitator can accelerate to the positive pole without inducing or using external ionic wind effects.
Because electric fields are immensely stronger than gravity fields, it is generally not recognized by modern physics that electric charges contain net gravity fields because they are difficult to detect. Nevertheless, some experimental configurations confirm that this is so, such as the gravitator experiment, the different fall velocities or the pendulum sway periods of objects loaded in the opposite way.