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The Biefeld Brown Effect

Biefeld - Brown

The Biefeld Brown Effect. What is anti-gravity? An artificially created gravity field that can oppose the Earth’s own and provide propulsion.

The oldest modern discovery of antigravity belongs to Dr. Alfred Biefeld, professor of physics and astronomy at Denison University. According to an old article in FATE magazine, in the early 1920s, Dr. Biefeld carried out laboratory experiments with capacitors charged with high voltage alternating currents. When charged, these capacitors “twist” violently before extinguishing. This indicates that charged high voltage capacitors have self-propulsive effects. Further research on this abnormal phenomenon was taken up by Thomas Townsend Brown, then a physics student at Denison University working for Dr Biefeld. Thus Townsend Brown undertook research on antigravity throughout his life.

Brown’s early experiments consisted of two lead spheres connected by a non-conducting glass rod, such as a dumbell. One sphere was charged positive, the other negative, with a total of 120 kilovolts between them. This formed a large electric dipole. When suspended, the system was directed towards the positive pole, initiating an upward arc and holding against the force of gravity by pulling down. This shows that the electric dipoles generate self-acceleration towards the positive pole. This experiment was repeated in oil, in a failed reservoir, proving that the ionic wind was not responsible.

Improved versions of this installation have replaced the lead spheres with metal plates and the glass rod with dielectric plates or blocks. This created a high voltage parallel plate capacitor with one or more layers. Brown’s British Patent No. 300111, published in 1927, described what he called a” cellular gravitator ” consisting of numerous metal plates interwoven with dielectric plates, the whole block wrapped in insulating material, and end plates connected to output electrodes and a spark gap to limit input voltage. This device produces a significant acceleration.

Later, Brown experimented with saucer-shaped discs with positive and negative electrodes on the opposite sides. This created a high-voltage free-air capacitor that combined the electrogravitational effect with ionic wind phenomena for propulsion. They worked well in the air and in the vacuum.

Interestingly, the majority of modern articles on Brown’s work tend to focus on disk burners. Because they include the ionic wind in their operations, it was questioned whether the Biefeld-Brown effect could not be fully explained by the ionic wind. However, Brown’s 1927 patent described a self-contained device that had no ionic wind effect and relied solely on the electrogravitational action arising from the electrical dipoles within the gravitational capacitor.

In my opinion, the cellular burner is much more important in demonstrating the validity of the Biefield-Brown effect than the disc-shaped debatable burners. Why did Brown never mention cellular gravitators again after the 1930s, considering that they unequivocally proved electrogravitation? Maybe because that part of his research became confidential. The remainder of the public aspect, particularly its later patents, was limited to ionic wind devices, or at least to those that included this possibility in order to make the electrogravitational aspect more ambiguous. We should remember that Brown would have been involved in the Rainbow Project, suggesting that most of what we publicly know about his work can only be the “soft” thing.

So let’s focus on the most important part of his research, the cellular gravitators. There were several factors recognized by Brown affecting their behavior and the strength of the electrogravitational effect. They are listed as follows:

  1. applied voltage – the higher the voltage, the more the gravitator swivels towards the positive end. However, in his British patent, Brown explained that beyond a critical voltage, the gravitator would reverse the movement and instead move towards the negative electrode. Maybe it was a dielectric failure.2.
  2. applied current-current is required only to overcome the leak of the capacitor. If the current is insufficient, the gravitator will not maintain its voltage and therefore the electrogravitational effect will decrease or not manifest itself appreciably. The Van de Graff generators provide microamps of currents, which is not normally sufficient to power a gravitator. A solid state high voltage DC generator using a cockroft-walton multiplier would be required instead.
  3. the mass of the dielectric-determines only the total energy of the gravitator once it oscillates at a given height. Some sources claim that the larger the mass, the stronger the electrogravitational effect, but this is questionable since Brown never mentioned this and said that only the gravitational potential energy increases with mass since E = M G H.
  4. pulse duration-the pulse of the gravitator fluctuates with time, apparently due to gravitational conditions in the environment – particularly those arising from the position of the sun and Moon. This effect was later used by Greg Hodowanec in his gravitational wave detection circuits, who monitored the voltage through an electrolytic capacitor that fluctuated as the gravitational influence of celestial bodies changed over time. Just as electrical capacitors generate a gravity field, gravity fields can affect the electrical charge of a capacitor.
  5. Dielectric strength-the higher the dielectric constant, the stronger the effect. The dielectric constant measures the ability of a material to store electricity in the form of electrical displacement or polarization. The more energy is stored via electrical polarization, the greater the electrogravitational effect.
  6. gravitator capacity-the higher the capacity, the greater the effect. Thus, the closer the metal plates are, the larger the plates, the higher the number of cells (and, as mentioned, the higher the dielectric constant of the insulator between the metal plates, as this also determines the total capacity), the stronger the Brown Biefield effect.
  7. electrode geometry – increased asymmetry between electrodes increases the effect. This will be explained below.

How it works

To understand the Biefeld-Brown effect, it is necessary to understand why the electric dipoles (positive and negative charges separated by a fixed distance) accelerate towards the positive pole. The answer is simple:

The positive and negative charges, creating an electric field, also generate slight gravitational fields. It could be said that the charged masses deform more than the uncharged masses. Positive charges induce convergence in space and negative charges induce divergence in space. Thus, positive charges emit a gravitational field while negative charges emit an antigravitational field. This follows purely from the geometry of the electric field, which includes a component that shares the same geometry as a gravity field and thus gives rise to it.

An electric charge emits a symmetrical field, whether gravitational or repulsive. So left to itself, the charge goes nowhere. However, in an electric dipole, an interesting situation arises as shown in the following diagram:

Consider positive charges “sucking into” the surrounding space, and negative charges “blowing” the surrounding space. By separating them at a fixed distance, the fields between the poles “occupy” or “cancel”, while the flow/distortion surrounding the entire dipole is skewed in one direction. The positive pole comes in from the left, the negative pole comes out from the right, and so the entire dipole propels itself to the left towards the positive pole.

In a parallel plate capacitor, electrical fields outside the capacitor cancel each other out, but diverging and converging gravity fields do not cancel each other out, which is why a cell gravitator can accelerate to the positive pole without inducing or using external ionic wind effects.

Because electric fields are immensely stronger than gravity fields, it is generally not recognized by modern physics that electric charges contain net gravity fields because they are difficult to detect. Nevertheless, some experimental configurations confirm that this is so, such as the gravitator experiment, the different fall velocities or the pendulum sway periods of objects loaded in the opposite way.

Asymmetric Electrodes

It should now be clear that electrogravitational self-acceleration requires a difference in gravitational divergence between two poles. Using symmetric electrodes, this is as simple as giving one positive charge and the other negative. But it is also possible to create additional asymmetry by making the electrodes themselves asymmetric. This changes the extent of the electric field, which in turn affects the geometric component giving rise to the field of gravity.

To this end, Brown experimented with umbrella-and disc-shaped burners. The umbrella of devices consisting of two electrodes, one positive and one negative, with one electrode in The Shape of a large bowl and the other as a small bowl. Overall, it is a free-air condenser, but with asymmetric electrodes, whose asymmetric electric fields generate unbalanced gravitational divergences and increased acceleration. The disc burners, described above, did the same thing, except that one electrode formed the leading edge of the disc, while the other electrode formed the body and trailing edge.


A common application of Biefeld’s Brown effect is in the form of “lifters”-these are constructions made of balsa wood frames, wire, and aluminum foil. The wire lifters separate a grate of negatively charged wires from a grate of grounded or positively charged aluminum fins. They are based on a principle patented in 1957 by Townsend Brown (US Patent No 3 018 394 entitled “electrokinetic transducer”). Although lifters have existed since the late 1950s, they have only recently become popular. They are easy to assemble and require only a moderate high voltage supply, about 30 kilovolts.

How can work pushers? In the same way that Brown’s newer devices worked: by a combination of electrogravitational mechanisms and ionic wind. The asymmetry of the electrodes alone guarantees a true electrogravitational component of the propulsion, while it is clear to observe in action that the ionic wind is also involved. Biefeld Brown Effect

Some say the ionic wind cannot explain the level of wind generated by the lifts. I agree with that, but it must also be taken into account that the negative ions create an electrostatic cooling effect, converting the thermal energy into kinetic energy, cooling the air while accelerating it. Thus, the wind results not only from the fact that the air is negatively ionized and attracts to the positive electrode, but also because it gains additional kinetic energy through the phenomenon of negative electrostatic cooling.

Nevertheless, for those who want to disassemble the Biefeld-Brown effect by attributing it entirely to the ionic wind, it must be stressed that closed capacitors, cellular gravitators, also accelerate themselves without any ionic wind effect. The electrogravity comes mainly from the gravitational component of the electric field, exploited for propulsion via the asymmetric gravitational field of the electric dipoles. Brown also experimented with disk burners in vacuum chambers and observed them accelerating almost as fast as when they were operating at atmospheric pressure. The Biefeld – Brown Effect

Experimental set up

To confirm the Biefeld-Brown effect,:

200 kilovolts of direct current, at least 200 microamps, high voltage semiconductor generator — this is mainly a self transformer, a television pocket transformer and a transistor circuit, and a multistage cockroft-walton voltage multiplier and rectifier. You can buy them From Information Unlimited.

metal condenser plates – made of aluminum foil or aluminum Shard cut into rounded squares. Rounded edges are necessary to avoid arcing and Crown leakage.

dielectric sheets-made from the best available dielectric material. These should be cut into squares that are larger than metal plates. The appropriate materials are polypropylene, polystyrene, mica and, if available, ceramic plates with high K content. make sure the sheets are thick enough to prevent the dielectric failure or your gravitator will burn.

paraffin wax or transformer oil – because metal plates take up space because of their thickness, there will be slight spaces between one dielectric sheet and another. Once all the plates and sheets are interspersed and connected, it is best to immerse them in transformer oil or to mold them in paraffin or resin. The Biefeld – Brown Effect

It’s just the basics…examine Brown’s 1927 patent for more information. Also be careful that as a high voltage generator zaps gently you should touch it, once this electricity is stored in a capacitor it reaches lethal power levels. Once, I was stupid enough to dismantle a gravitator capacitor a few days after I charged it with a Van de Graaf Generator…I thought it was unloaded, but the shock I got when I put my fingers in it to take it apart pushed me back against the wall. Only do this if you are a responsible and intelligent hobbyist, as I will not take any responsibility for what you do with this information.

It’s just the basics…examine Brown’s 1927 patent for more information. Also be careful that as a high voltage generator zaps gently you should touch it, once this electricity is stored in a capacitor it reaches lethal power levels. Once, I was stupid enough to dismantle a gravitator capacitor a few days after I charged it with a Van de Graaf Generator…I thought it was unloaded, but the shock I got when I put my fingers in it to take it apart pushed me back against the wall. Only do this if you are a responsible and intelligent hobbyist, as I will not take any responsibility for what you do with this information.


The Biefeld-Brown effect demonstrates a link between electricity and gravity. Taking into account the above explanation, it should be clear why the electric dipoles accelerate themselves towards the positive pole; the positive pole converges space, the negative poles diverge space, and being that between the poles these distortions cancel each other out while outside of these poles they point in one direction, the dipole as a whole should accelerate in one direction. Biefeld Brown Effect

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